alkaline urine

ALKALINE URINE DDX
==================
renal tubular dysfunction
UTI
staphylococcus((urease))
proteus ((urease))
low protein diet
renal compensation for an alkalosis
alkalinizing drugs

alkaline crystalluria:
•struvite
•calcium carbonate
•calcium phosphate
•ammonium biurate

ACIDIC URINE DDX
================
protein catabolism
+meaty/milky diet
+hyperthyroid
+fever
hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis ((#bovine))
+displaced abomasum
+upper GIT obstruction ((#canine))
hypokalemia
furosemide

acidic crystalluria:
•uric acid
•cystine
•calcium oxalate monohydrate
•calcium oxalate dihydrate
•bilirubin

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