PAM “positive allosteric modulator” – binds to a receptor and amplifies the agonists’ effect. eg, the BZD (and other induction agents) at GABA receptors.

vesicant a blister agent, a chemical compound that causes severe burns (cantharidin)

urticant a nettle agent, causing corrosive tissue injury upon contact, resulting in erythema, urticaria, intense itching, and a hive-like rash.

nerve agents a class of organophosphates, producing sympathetic signs and death by respiratory paralysis.

corrosive strong acid/oxidative

caustic alkaloid

hemiplegia refers to spasticity restricted to one side of the body

diplegia when used singularly, refers to paralysis affecting symmetrical parts of the body.

hemorrheology the study of blood flow in the vascular system

rheology the study of the flow of matter

The term was inspired by the aphorism of Simplicius, panta rhei, “everything flows”.

An aphorism is an original thought, spoken or written in a laconic (concise) and memorable form Aphorism literally means a “distinction” or “definition”.

In rhetoric, chiasmus (from the Greek: χιάζω, chiázō, “to shape like the letter Χ”) is the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted parallelism.

facsimile (‘fac simile’ make alike) an exact copy or reproduction

crisis (hippocrates)

Distemper:: Disturbed condition of the body or mind; ill health, illness; a mental or physical disorder; a disease or ailment.

Drachms (literally an eighth)

A unit of weight originally equal to the weight of a drachma; an apothecaries’ weight of 1/8 ounce (60 grains).


A condition of excess watery fluid in the tissues or cavities of the body; congestive heart failure from whatever cause.


sicks, disease, pathology, morbidity

eucracia: health, balance, homeostasis


Used here in the older sense meaning imbecility, dementia.


[Latin faecula, dim. of faex meaning dregs, sediment] 1 Sediment. 2 Faecal matter of insects or other invertebrates.

fundus: a collective term describing all the structures in the posterior portion of the globe that can be viewed with the ophthalmoscope.


[from glarieux, French] Consisting of viscous transparent matter, like the white of an egg.


With respect to the bowels: afflicted with spasmodic pain as if by contraction or constriction.

Little’s Disease Spastic diplegia.

Diplegia, when used singularly, refers to paralysis affecting symmetrical parts of the body. This should not be confused with hemiplegia which refers to spasticity restricted to one side of the body, or quadriplegia which requires the involvement of all four limbs but not necessarily symmetrical


Flatulent distension of the abdomen with gas in the alimentary canal.

Morbid = pathologic (“morbid obsesity”)


Used in the medical sense: gangrene, necrosis.

Phthisic, phthisis

[From Greek phthisikos through Latin and Old French] 1 Pulmonary tuberculosis. 2 Any of various lung or throat affections; a severe cough; asthma.

Phthisis is a Greek word for consumption, an old term for pulmonary tuberculosis; around 460 BC, Hippocrates identified phthisis as the most widespread disease of the times. It was said to involve fever and the coughing up of blood, which was almost always fatal.


Having phthisis, or some symptom of it, as difficulty in breathing. Asthmatic, wheezy.


[From Latin physica and Greek phusike] 1 Natural science. 2 The art or practice of healing. Medical people collectively. 3 Medical treatment; fig. a healthy practice or habit; a mental, moral, or spiritual remedy. 4 Medicine; specifically, a cathartic. 5 Medical science; the physician’s art.


“vis medicatrix naturae” in Latin

the belief that the body can heal itself


Fatten an animal for food.


[ L. sapidus ] 1 Of food etc.: having a distinct (esp. pleasant) taste or flavour, savoury, palatable. 2 Of talk, writing, etc.: agreeable, mentally stimulating.


A large, hard, and painless swelling.

spotted fever

Rickettsial fever; typhus.

St. Anthony’s Fire

Erysipelas, or inflammation of the skin due to ergot poisoning.


enteric fever caused by salmonella enterica sepsis, feat. delirium reminiscent of typhos, epistaxis, and rose spots.

typhus: any of several diseases caused by rickettsia bacteria.

  • typhos (τῦφος) meaning smoky or hazy, describing the state of mind of those affected with typhus.


As used here probably refers to sulphuric acid; also used for any of the various sulphates of metallic elements.



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